quinta-feira, 26 de junho de 2014
Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio was born in Milan, on September 29, 1571, and was the greatest Italian painter of his time. He learned to paint with Simone Peterzano and especially from the study of the works of some Venetian artists. From 1592 to 1606, he worked in Rome, where he soon stand out not only by the original focus of the pictorial work, and by their irregular life which happened fights and episodes that revealed her tempestuous character and his lack of scruples.
About Caravaggio was told it was a revolutionary, wants for his turbulent life, wants because of his painting has proposed a conscious opposition to: Renaissance and Mannerism. Always sought, first, the intensity of effects through vehement contrasts between light and dark that shape the figures and objects, and through a physical presence of an incomparable force. By avoiding any trace of idealization and realism to your flag, Caravaggio intended to stay no viewer indifferent to his paintings.
His first creations are fundamentally paintings that combine human figures in still life. A prime example of this first stage is The Lute Player, ode feminóide a young and sensual beauty it shares the role with fruits, flowers and a number of objects related to music. In these early works already show evidence of an aesthetic work of Caravaggio game of lights and shadows, although the light and dark only served as something to create volumes and depths, without giving the action dramatic effects, as they would be in later works artist.
The Supper at Emmaus, one of his masterpieces, characterized by sumptuous shades of dark, enveloping shadows and beams of bright light that focus on certain points, it marks the beginning of the period of maturity of the artist who openly tilted by religious themes. Some of their works are rejected by the naturalism with which discusses the biblical landscapes, but no lack of patrons willing to acquire taste those pictures that the clergy did not see with good eyes.
At this time match the great works of the artist: the altarpieces of the chapel of San Luigi dei Contarelli Francesi and Ceresi Chapel of Santa Maria del Popolo. The Calling of Saint Matthew, The Martyrdom of Saint Matthew, the Crucifixion of St. Peter and the Conversion of St. Paul. These works are dominated by an intense dramatic action, much studied from the point of view of composition and splendid results which are obtained with great economy of means.
In 1606, Caravaggio killed a man and was forced to flee Rome, where the extreme chagrin might never return. He died four years later on a lonely beach, plagued by malaria. This last time, he painted some works in which his characteristic drama gave way to a great serenity.